5 Most Common Learning Disabilities in Kids & Their Symptoms

Learn about common learning disabilities, and understand the signs of these conditions and how they can impact a student's learning.

Eniola Adeyemi
Education Analyst

If your child struggles with writing, reading, reasoning, or solving maths problems, they may have a learning disability. Read on to discover the 5 most common learning disabilities and how to identify their signs in children. 

What are Learning Disabilities?

Learning disabilities are the umbrella term for several learning challenges children may have. These may affect their learning behaviours, writing, reading, and reasoning. 

These disabilities are commonly found in children but may not be recognised until they begin school. Young children with learning disabilities are not lazy, dull, or less intelligent than their peers. They are often average or even more intelligent than many of them.  However, their brains are simply wired differently to process information that may be otherwise simpler for other  children of the same age. 

But how can you recognise the signs and symptoms of these learning disabilities? 

Below is a list of the 5 most common learning disabilities and noticeable early symptoms to note in your kids. 

Dyslexia 

Dyslexia is the most commonly known learning disability. It is a language-based problem that affects the child’s ability to recognise and understand spoken and written words. Children with dyslexia often have reading, word recognition, spelling, and writing difficulties. They often have difficulty breaking down and putting words together according to their sounds.

The noticeable early symptoms of dyslexia include;

  • Inconsistent spelling
  • Letter reversals
  • Lack of concentration during reading comprehension
  • Avoiding reading tasks

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)

Children with ADHD may struggle to remain focused on the task at hand. They can get distracted quickly and have trouble learning in a typical classroom. Their attention span is quite short, as such, they are unable to pay attention to a task for a long period, which can lead to the inability to grasp what they are being taught. They are also often restless and tend to be impulsive. 

The noticeable early symptoms of ADHD include;

  • Restlessness
  • Inability to sit calmly
  • Excessive talking
  • Forgetfulness and loss of items
  • Being fidgety 

Dysgraphia 

is a learning disability characterised by difficulty writing? These challenges are commonly referred to as transcription skills, which include writing, spelling, and typing. Dysgraphia makes it difficult for children to think and write simultaneously. They write slowly and have difficulty communicating their ideas in writing. They may struggle with incorrect spelling, illegible handwriting, and a tight grip on the pencil or pen when writing.

The early signs and symptoms of Dysgraphia include;

  • Prolonged writing time
  • Omitting words from a sentence
  • Difficulties holding a pen or pencil
  • Frequent erasing when writing
  • Inconsistent word and letter spacing

Dyscalculia

If your child actively struggles with understanding and solving maths and number operation tasks, they may have dyscalculia. Dyscalculia is sometimes referred to as number dyslexia. It is a distinct disorder that impairs a person's ability to comprehend numbers, reason, solve, and tackle mathematical concepts and operations. A child who has dyscalculia may struggle in all areas of mathematics.

The early signs and symptoms of Dyscalculia include;

  • Persistent finger-counting 
  • Maths anxiety
  • Difficulty recognising numbers
  • Difficulty in linking numerical symbols with their words
  • Delayed counting

Dyspraxia

is a neurological disorder that affects one’s motor skills including planning and coordination. Although dyspraxia is not usually classified as a common learning disability, it is a disorder that can affect a child’s academic performance. Children with dyspraxia struggle with planning and execution of tasks, hand-eye coordination, and balance. In most cases, they are clumsy and do not move about as much as they should. 

The early signs and symptoms of Dyspraxia include;

  • Clumsiness
  • Poor posture and balance
  • Taking longer to walk, speak, or sit at an early age
  • Difficulty writing, and holding items
  • Difficulty processing thoughts

How to support your child if they have any of these common learning disabilities

  • Be patient with your child and understand that their disability is not their fault. Recognise that they require more love, care, and patience.
  • Be kind to your child. Always praise them and appreciate them rather than dwelling on their mistakes. Tell them that you see their efforts to do well and how proud you are of them. 
  • Determine how your child enjoys learning. They could love reading books, solving puzzles, or watching educational videos. The important thing is to help them learn in a way that is most effective for them.
  • Allow learning breaks and break complicated tasks into simpler ones to help them perform at maximum capacity and maintain focus on each task.
  • Take external help from learning platforms, tutors to help your child.

If your child is experiencing any of these learning disabilities, seek help. Assist them through the process of managing this newly found aspect of their lives, and always remember that their learning disabilities do not reflect their intelligence and great abilities.

If your child struggles with writing, reading, reasoning, or solving maths problems, they may have a learning disability. Read on to discover the 5 most common learning disabilities and how to identify their signs in children. 

What are Learning Disabilities?

Learning disabilities are the umbrella term for several learning challenges children may have. These may affect their learning behaviours, writing, reading, and reasoning. 

These disabilities are commonly found in children but may not be recognised until they begin school. Young children with learning disabilities are not lazy, dull, or less intelligent than their peers. They are often average or even more intelligent than many of them.  However, their brains are simply wired differently to process information that may be otherwise simpler for other  children of the same age. 

But how can you recognise the signs and symptoms of these learning disabilities? 

Below is a list of the 5 most common learning disabilities and noticeable early symptoms to note in your kids. 

Dyslexia 

Dyslexia is the most commonly known learning disability. It is a language-based problem that affects the child’s ability to recognise and understand spoken and written words. Children with dyslexia often have reading, word recognition, spelling, and writing difficulties. They often have difficulty breaking down and putting words together according to their sounds.

The noticeable early symptoms of dyslexia include;

  • Inconsistent spelling
  • Letter reversals
  • Lack of concentration during reading comprehension
  • Avoiding reading tasks

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)

Children with ADHD may struggle to remain focused on the task at hand. They can get distracted quickly and have trouble learning in a typical classroom. Their attention span is quite short, as such, they are unable to pay attention to a task for a long period, which can lead to the inability to grasp what they are being taught. They are also often restless and tend to be impulsive. 

The noticeable early symptoms of ADHD include;

  • Restlessness
  • Inability to sit calmly
  • Excessive talking
  • Forgetfulness and loss of items
  • Being fidgety 

Dysgraphia 

is a learning disability characterised by difficulty writing? These challenges are commonly referred to as transcription skills, which include writing, spelling, and typing. Dysgraphia makes it difficult for children to think and write simultaneously. They write slowly and have difficulty communicating their ideas in writing. They may struggle with incorrect spelling, illegible handwriting, and a tight grip on the pencil or pen when writing.

The early signs and symptoms of Dysgraphia include;

  • Prolonged writing time
  • Omitting words from a sentence
  • Difficulties holding a pen or pencil
  • Frequent erasing when writing
  • Inconsistent word and letter spacing

Dyscalculia

If your child actively struggles with understanding and solving maths and number operation tasks, they may have dyscalculia. Dyscalculia is sometimes referred to as number dyslexia. It is a distinct disorder that impairs a person's ability to comprehend numbers, reason, solve, and tackle mathematical concepts and operations. A child who has dyscalculia may struggle in all areas of mathematics.

The early signs and symptoms of Dyscalculia include;

  • Persistent finger-counting 
  • Maths anxiety
  • Difficulty recognising numbers
  • Difficulty in linking numerical symbols with their words
  • Delayed counting

Dyspraxia

is a neurological disorder that affects one’s motor skills including planning and coordination. Although dyspraxia is not usually classified as a common learning disability, it is a disorder that can affect a child’s academic performance. Children with dyspraxia struggle with planning and execution of tasks, hand-eye coordination, and balance. In most cases, they are clumsy and do not move about as much as they should. 

The early signs and symptoms of Dyspraxia include;

  • Clumsiness
  • Poor posture and balance
  • Taking longer to walk, speak, or sit at an early age
  • Difficulty writing, and holding items
  • Difficulty processing thoughts

How to support your child if they have any of these common learning disabilities

  • Be patient with your child and understand that their disability is not their fault. Recognise that they require more love, care, and patience.
  • Be kind to your child. Always praise them and appreciate them rather than dwelling on their mistakes. Tell them that you see their efforts to do well and how proud you are of them. 
  • Determine how your child enjoys learning. They could love reading books, solving puzzles, or watching educational videos. The important thing is to help them learn in a way that is most effective for them.
  • Allow learning breaks and break complicated tasks into simpler ones to help them perform at maximum capacity and maintain focus on each task.
  • Take external help from learning platforms, tutors to help your child.

If your child is experiencing any of these learning disabilities, seek help. Assist them through the process of managing this newly found aspect of their lives, and always remember that their learning disabilities do not reflect their intelligence and great abilities.

FAQ

What age groups are covered by online maths tutoring?
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Online maths tutoring at Tutero is catering to students of all year levels. We offer programs tailored to the unique learning curves of each age group.

Are there specific programs for students preparing for particular exams like NAPLAN or ATAR?
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We also have expert NAPLAN and ATAR subject tutors, ensuring students are well-equipped for these pivotal assessments.

How often should my child have tutoring sessions to see significant improvement?
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We recommend at least two to three session per week for consistent progress. However, this can vary based on your child's needs and goals.

What safety measures are in place to ensure online tutoring sessions are secure and protected?
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Our platform uses advanced security protocols to ensure the safety and privacy of all our online sessions.

Can I sit in on the tutoring sessions to observe and support my child?
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Parents are welcome to observe sessions. We believe in a collaborative approach to education.

How do I measure the progress my child is making with online tutoring?
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We provide regular progress reports and assessments to track your child’s academic development.

What happens if my child isn't clicking with their assigned tutor? Can we request a change?
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Are there any additional resources or tools available to support students learning maths, besides tutoring sessions?
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Yes, we offer a range of resources and materials, including interactive exercises and practice worksheets.

If your child struggles with writing, reading, reasoning, or solving maths problems, they may have a learning disability. Read on to discover the 5 most common learning disabilities and how to identify their signs in children. 

What are Learning Disabilities?

Learning disabilities are the umbrella term for several learning challenges children may have. These may affect their learning behaviours, writing, reading, and reasoning. 

These disabilities are commonly found in children but may not be recognised until they begin school. Young children with learning disabilities are not lazy, dull, or less intelligent than their peers. They are often average or even more intelligent than many of them.  However, their brains are simply wired differently to process information that may be otherwise simpler for other  children of the same age. 

But how can you recognise the signs and symptoms of these learning disabilities? 

Below is a list of the 5 most common learning disabilities and noticeable early symptoms to note in your kids. 

Dyslexia 

Dyslexia is the most commonly known learning disability. It is a language-based problem that affects the child’s ability to recognise and understand spoken and written words. Children with dyslexia often have reading, word recognition, spelling, and writing difficulties. They often have difficulty breaking down and putting words together according to their sounds.

The noticeable early symptoms of dyslexia include;

  • Inconsistent spelling
  • Letter reversals
  • Lack of concentration during reading comprehension
  • Avoiding reading tasks

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)

Children with ADHD may struggle to remain focused on the task at hand. They can get distracted quickly and have trouble learning in a typical classroom. Their attention span is quite short, as such, they are unable to pay attention to a task for a long period, which can lead to the inability to grasp what they are being taught. They are also often restless and tend to be impulsive. 

The noticeable early symptoms of ADHD include;

  • Restlessness
  • Inability to sit calmly
  • Excessive talking
  • Forgetfulness and loss of items
  • Being fidgety 

Dysgraphia 

is a learning disability characterised by difficulty writing? These challenges are commonly referred to as transcription skills, which include writing, spelling, and typing. Dysgraphia makes it difficult for children to think and write simultaneously. They write slowly and have difficulty communicating their ideas in writing. They may struggle with incorrect spelling, illegible handwriting, and a tight grip on the pencil or pen when writing.

The early signs and symptoms of Dysgraphia include;

  • Prolonged writing time
  • Omitting words from a sentence
  • Difficulties holding a pen or pencil
  • Frequent erasing when writing
  • Inconsistent word and letter spacing

Dyscalculia

If your child actively struggles with understanding and solving maths and number operation tasks, they may have dyscalculia. Dyscalculia is sometimes referred to as number dyslexia. It is a distinct disorder that impairs a person's ability to comprehend numbers, reason, solve, and tackle mathematical concepts and operations. A child who has dyscalculia may struggle in all areas of mathematics.

The early signs and symptoms of Dyscalculia include;

  • Persistent finger-counting 
  • Maths anxiety
  • Difficulty recognising numbers
  • Difficulty in linking numerical symbols with their words
  • Delayed counting

Dyspraxia

is a neurological disorder that affects one’s motor skills including planning and coordination. Although dyspraxia is not usually classified as a common learning disability, it is a disorder that can affect a child’s academic performance. Children with dyspraxia struggle with planning and execution of tasks, hand-eye coordination, and balance. In most cases, they are clumsy and do not move about as much as they should. 

The early signs and symptoms of Dyspraxia include;

  • Clumsiness
  • Poor posture and balance
  • Taking longer to walk, speak, or sit at an early age
  • Difficulty writing, and holding items
  • Difficulty processing thoughts

How to support your child if they have any of these common learning disabilities

  • Be patient with your child and understand that their disability is not their fault. Recognise that they require more love, care, and patience.
  • Be kind to your child. Always praise them and appreciate them rather than dwelling on their mistakes. Tell them that you see their efforts to do well and how proud you are of them. 
  • Determine how your child enjoys learning. They could love reading books, solving puzzles, or watching educational videos. The important thing is to help them learn in a way that is most effective for them.
  • Allow learning breaks and break complicated tasks into simpler ones to help them perform at maximum capacity and maintain focus on each task.
  • Take external help from learning platforms, tutors to help your child.

If your child is experiencing any of these learning disabilities, seek help. Assist them through the process of managing this newly found aspect of their lives, and always remember that their learning disabilities do not reflect their intelligence and great abilities.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

If your child struggles with writing, reading, reasoning, or solving maths problems, they may have a learning disability. Read on to discover the 5 most common learning disabilities and how to identify their signs in children. 

What are Learning Disabilities?

Learning disabilities are the umbrella term for several learning challenges children may have. These may affect their learning behaviours, writing, reading, and reasoning. 

These disabilities are commonly found in children but may not be recognised until they begin school. Young children with learning disabilities are not lazy, dull, or less intelligent than their peers. They are often average or even more intelligent than many of them.  However, their brains are simply wired differently to process information that may be otherwise simpler for other  children of the same age. 

But how can you recognise the signs and symptoms of these learning disabilities? 

Below is a list of the 5 most common learning disabilities and noticeable early symptoms to note in your kids. 

Dyslexia 

Dyslexia is the most commonly known learning disability. It is a language-based problem that affects the child’s ability to recognise and understand spoken and written words. Children with dyslexia often have reading, word recognition, spelling, and writing difficulties. They often have difficulty breaking down and putting words together according to their sounds.

The noticeable early symptoms of dyslexia include;

  • Inconsistent spelling
  • Letter reversals
  • Lack of concentration during reading comprehension
  • Avoiding reading tasks

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)

Children with ADHD may struggle to remain focused on the task at hand. They can get distracted quickly and have trouble learning in a typical classroom. Their attention span is quite short, as such, they are unable to pay attention to a task for a long period, which can lead to the inability to grasp what they are being taught. They are also often restless and tend to be impulsive. 

The noticeable early symptoms of ADHD include;

  • Restlessness
  • Inability to sit calmly
  • Excessive talking
  • Forgetfulness and loss of items
  • Being fidgety 

Dysgraphia 

is a learning disability characterised by difficulty writing? These challenges are commonly referred to as transcription skills, which include writing, spelling, and typing. Dysgraphia makes it difficult for children to think and write simultaneously. They write slowly and have difficulty communicating their ideas in writing. They may struggle with incorrect spelling, illegible handwriting, and a tight grip on the pencil or pen when writing.

The early signs and symptoms of Dysgraphia include;

  • Prolonged writing time
  • Omitting words from a sentence
  • Difficulties holding a pen or pencil
  • Frequent erasing when writing
  • Inconsistent word and letter spacing

Dyscalculia

If your child actively struggles with understanding and solving maths and number operation tasks, they may have dyscalculia. Dyscalculia is sometimes referred to as number dyslexia. It is a distinct disorder that impairs a person's ability to comprehend numbers, reason, solve, and tackle mathematical concepts and operations. A child who has dyscalculia may struggle in all areas of mathematics.

The early signs and symptoms of Dyscalculia include;

  • Persistent finger-counting 
  • Maths anxiety
  • Difficulty recognising numbers
  • Difficulty in linking numerical symbols with their words
  • Delayed counting

Dyspraxia

is a neurological disorder that affects one’s motor skills including planning and coordination. Although dyspraxia is not usually classified as a common learning disability, it is a disorder that can affect a child’s academic performance. Children with dyspraxia struggle with planning and execution of tasks, hand-eye coordination, and balance. In most cases, they are clumsy and do not move about as much as they should. 

The early signs and symptoms of Dyspraxia include;

  • Clumsiness
  • Poor posture and balance
  • Taking longer to walk, speak, or sit at an early age
  • Difficulty writing, and holding items
  • Difficulty processing thoughts

How to support your child if they have any of these common learning disabilities

  • Be patient with your child and understand that their disability is not their fault. Recognise that they require more love, care, and patience.
  • Be kind to your child. Always praise them and appreciate them rather than dwelling on their mistakes. Tell them that you see their efforts to do well and how proud you are of them. 
  • Determine how your child enjoys learning. They could love reading books, solving puzzles, or watching educational videos. The important thing is to help them learn in a way that is most effective for them.
  • Allow learning breaks and break complicated tasks into simpler ones to help them perform at maximum capacity and maintain focus on each task.
  • Take external help from learning platforms, tutors to help your child.

If your child is experiencing any of these learning disabilities, seek help. Assist them through the process of managing this newly found aspect of their lives, and always remember that their learning disabilities do not reflect their intelligence and great abilities.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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